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In: The Educator CEL For teachers review> Summary September 1963 Read Full issue in PDF Drawing Collection Library Work / pay someone to do my english homework
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In: The Educator CEL For teachers review Arts> Visual Arts> Drawing Training and research> knowledge of the child pedagogical principles> natural method pedagogical principles> experimental groping July 1963 For fall Teaching Conferences: Drawing C. Freinet the theme of Pedagogical Conference is this year: dRAWING – the average pattern of expression and other auxiliary teaching; – How it can be used in conjunction with related disciplines; – What brings.
His role in the formation of the child. *** Before discussing the theme: The Drawing, should agree on what that word means in the school complex, artistic, cultural and contemporary psychological. The directors themselves who have chosen this really hot topic, have also, in advance, a position on the nature and scope of the drawing that will be discussed, in other times, indeed, it would intended as mandatory first chapter: the teaching pattern. How to approach it? By what method?
For what purposes? But it is indeed here of drawing as a means of expression and a means of expression that can not be free, otherwise there would be no expression, or there would be an expression distorted on control, and therefore only have a formal role in the process of growth and maturation of individuals. Educators – even many – who do not practice free drawing might be surprised by this kind of official position that we need to justify quickly.
Free drawing and traditional drawing the distinction is important. There are not only between the two, as one might think, a difference in form and name, but a difference of nature and technology. And the results are also not comparable.
Anyone, in fact, worked according to our natural method of free expression differs at first glance a free drawing of a traditional design, as it sets the poem learned by heart and recited the poetic and musical improvisation whose achievements known in our classrooms. Free design that is simple and natural language of the child, the school is drawing the droning of the narrator who repeats his lesson without understanding or at least without feeling that it includes emotional and life . Where does this essential difference?
It’s all the school process we put in question here. If indeed you believe in the traditional way, the child can write and draw only when he has learned the rules, you will feel compelled to teach him the rules, to teach him to draw, in accordance with the technique you’ve been taught yourselves. And by doing so, you hope that when it and master the technique so he can draw freely to express themselves.
Just as you are convinced that it needs to know the rules of grammar to express themselves through writing. Dangerous illusion, and we have explained the reasons for the discovery of a law resulting from our long experience: the technique kills the spirit. Every time you start a learning technology at the expense of life, you may never compromise the spirit of your education. If you start the arithmetic by the study of numbers, the mathematical sense which may deteriorate forever.
Starting, of course, by the living calculation, the technique will be needed in due course as a necessity, as part of a wide mathematical understanding. If you teach the language mechanically – sometimes called methodically – the study of words and rules, the child will read and read, but it will have lost the subtle sense of what is expressed in words and sentences. If you approach the study of music theory and the theory, you know the music, but you will have lost the taste and musicianship.
If you start the study of drawing and painting by the so-called learning methodical and scientific laws and rules of the drawing, you can achieve a technique but you will have lost, perhaps permanently, the enchantment art. It will, again, start by drawing and free painting. The technique then become a necessity in the service of artistic sense and life.
The traditional pedagogy took to the drawing, like the French, arithmetic and music, bad road leading to dead ends. You must get out of these impasses by engaging in natural methods of Modern School.
To convince you, read – the book Elise Freinet child performer, with 300 reproductions of drawings in black and 20 sheets of colored children’s paintings – natural drawing method by C. Freinet – The Genesis (human, birds, cars and houses) by C. Freinet – the Journal Art Childish – E. Freinet: Drawings and paintings of children (Library of Modern School, No. 16, Cannes ) as the scholastic drawing can not be a means of expression, we speak here only free drawing as we have designed and produced.
The average pattern of expression The drawing was at all times an almost ideal means of expression because it only requires a minimum of technical, requires no training and do not allow less to enter into relations with the middle out of the reach of the voice and gesture. With a spoon sticky porridge, baby trace on the table the first graphics that are already for him spontaneous expression as the first cries before the articulate voice. The young child in severe mud the first signs are already communication and graffiti are of all ages and all countries.